Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reading Period 3: August 14-20: Medieval


Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation by Bede, the Venerable

Read about Bede on page 32, then visit this link. Read titles in the list of chapters in Book 1, then read chapters 1-10.

The Seafarer by Anonymous

Read the poem in the textbook.

Caedmon's Hymn by Caedmon of Whitby

Read the selection in the textbook as excerpted from Bede's work (pages 33-34) and then read this alternate West Saxon version online.


ART CONNECTION: Create an illustrated text for the first line of Caedmon's Hymn. Use this as inspiration (click for a bigger version):

HISTORY CONNECTION: Bede's History of the English Church and People was originally written in Latin, but was translated into Old English. You can read a bit about the significance of this on page 32 in our textbook. For this assignment, I'd like you to dig a bit deeper and find out more about what language meant to this historical moment in England. Write about what you find in a short essay (250 word minimum) including at least one source besides our textbook.

WRITING CONNECTION: Choose 20 words from the poem "The Seafarer" and make a list. Then write a 20-line poem about an experience that inspires you, using one word from your list in each line. The word from "The Seafarer" doesn't have to be the first word in the line, nor do the words have to come in any particular order. The poem does not have to rhyme.


Read the section called "The Medieval Period" in the textbook (pp. 43-54). The questions are the same as those in the box marked "Review" on page 54.

1.1066 : 1485  
A. Magna Carta : End of Wars of the Roses
B. Norman Conquest : End of Wars of the Roses
C. Norman Conquest : End of Hundred Years War
D. Doomsday Book : Beginning of Hundred Years War
E. Crusades Begin : Crusades End

2.What system of landholding did William the Conqueror introduce into England?  
A. Feudalism
B. Nobility
C. Tribal Fiefdoms
D. Communal Ownership
E. Private Property

3.Why did William the Conqueror have an inventory of property drawn up in the Domesday Book?  
A. To better assign his friends their new property.
B. Because property disputes were so prevalent.
C. To illuminate the need for a flat tax.
D. So taxes could be uniform for all.
E. So taxes could be based on real property.

4.Why is the Medieval Church considered the most important cultural institution of the period?  
A. Because it unified the culture of the country.
B. Because Latin was the language of educated persons.
C. Because it helped separate the nobles from the populace.
D. Because it connected England to Europe.
E. Because universities had not yet been invented.

5.What economic development was responsible for the growth of cities and the merchant class?  
A. People turned pastures into farmland and began growing beets.
B. The wool industry exploded as English wool was highly prized.
C. Silks from China were introduced as luxury items.
D. Cities were less polluted than they are today.
E. Merchants became rich by selling goods others had produced.

6.What is the connection between the Magna Carta and present-day representative government?  
A. It defined the boundaries of Medieval England.
B. It established independent, self-governing states within the country of England.
C. It did away with the idea of trial by ordeal.
D. It introduced the idea that barons had to give consent to taxes levied against them.
E. It made duels illegal.

7.In what way did the Black Death help to bring an end to the institution of feudalism?  
A. So many people died that there weren't enough laborers.
B. All the funerals caused an upsurge of religious piety.
C. The nobles got tired of burying all the dead serfs, and freed them posthumously.
D. It wasn't safe to labor in the fields because you might get sick.
E. The nobles all died, leaving the workers free to keep their own profit.

8.Name two important wars that were fought during the Middle Ages.  
A. War of the Roses, Danish Invasion
B. King Arthur Defeats Questing Beast, War of the Roses
C. Norman Invasion, Defeat of the Spanish Armada
D. Danish Invasion, Norman Invasion
E. Hundred Years' War, War of the Roses

9.What form of literature illustrates the medieval ideal of chivalry?  
A. Morality Play
B. Miracle Play
C. Ode
D. Romance
E. Hymn

10.What two kinds of drama flourished in the Middle Ages?  
A. Tragic Plays, Comic Plays
B. Ballads, Laments
C. Miracle Plays, Morality Plays
D. Murder Mystery, Historical Dramas
E. Shakespearean Plays, One Act Plays


I still need to hear from several of you who have not yet chosen which Longer Works you will read.

In order for our online class to function, please read every post in the Google+ Community, and at least +1 it to show you have read it, if you do not respond with a comment. We had some wonderful discussion last week about primary and residual orality! Great job to those who participated. It really made me think differently about speech, writing, writing intended to be spoken, writing never intended to be spoken, and writing transcribed from speech.

If you have any questions, please email me or post to the community.

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