Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Reading Period 14: October 30 - November 5: Jonathan Swift and Alexander Pope


In your textbook, read about Jonathan Swift, read the Gulliver's Travels excerpt and "A Modest Proposal." Read about Addison and Steele and the newspaper essay excerpts. Read about Alexander Pope and read *about* "The Rape of the Lock." You do not actually have to read "The Rape of the Lock" but you should know about it and what it is.


Art Connection: 

Draw a bestiary of at least four panels to illustrate the different exotic species (maybe even including humans) that Gulliver encountered. Your bestiary can include labeled illustrations and a brief description of each "beast."

History Connection:

Create a Prezi to explain one of the following objects of Swift's satire: England's oppression of their colony of Ireland, the feud between the Whigs and the Tories, or the feud between the Catholics and the Protestants.You can find out what a Prezi is and how to make one at http://prezi.com/

Writing Connection:

Write "A Modest Proposal" of your own, pretending to recommend some outlandish exaggeration to correct a current problem. You might advise putting shackles on school desks or muzzling children to stop them from talking. If you want extra credit, write in dactylic hexameter, like the original master of Latin satire, Horace.


The quiz is over pages 372-401 in your textbook. 

1.How did Jonathan Swift get involved in political writing?  
A. The Tory administration found his talent for argument useful.
B. Sir William Temple helped his political career.
C. He switched from being a protestant to being a catholic.
D. He switched from being a Tory to being a Whig.

2.What was the overall theme of Swift's work.  
A. He wrote in support of the church and its clergy.
B. He wrote in artistic defense of the powerful politicians of the time.
C. Humans are a brilliant evolutionary triumph.
D. Humans are fairly disgusting, irrational, and base.

3.What is the point of the name Lemuel Gulliver?  
A. It signifies a flight of fancy, as a seagull.
B. It evokes the idea of being gullible.
C. It was the name of one of the members of parliament.
D. It is a reference to Homer's Iliad.

4.What was Swift's name for the filthy, brutish humans who were governed by the noble horses called Houyhnhnms?  
A. Yahoos
B. Whigs
C. Googles
D. Tories

5.Swift wrote "A Modest Proposal" as a way of drawing attention to the treatment of what group of people?  
A. London orphans.
B. The Irish poor.
C. The Scottish widows.
D. The Welsh working class.

6.Paraphrase the last paragraph of "A Modest Proposal."  
A. I'm happy to entertain others' ideas that present equally cheap and effective solutions.
B. If food for one year cannot be harvested from a one-year-old, then politicians can reject my overture.
C. Only people with children would be interested in this proposal.
D. Don't worry, I'm not trying to make money off this myself. I don't even have any kids.

7.Why did Richard Steele use the pen name "Isaac Bickerstaff"?  
A. It was the name of a serious 15th century playwright, and the joke was that he was back from the dead.
B. It showed that he was a good religious man, only seeking to edify his peers.
C. It was already a famous name, because Jonathan Swift used it to play a practical joke.
D. It was the famous name of a Leicester barkeep, so the joke was that this person was now publishing a paper in London.

8.Based on what you read about the Tatler and the Spectator, Steele and Addison, what is the "familiar periodical essay."  
A. An essay in a book, focused on a familiar topic.
B. An essay with a familiar, casual tone, published in a newspaper.
C. An essay about a familiar time period.
D. An essay written by someone familiar, published in a pamphlet.

9.What is the point of Pope's "The Rape of the Lock"?  
A. To satirize the epic poem, and show that Homer and Virgil were really silly, pompous fools.
B. To describe an epic, heroic event in trivial terms, to downplay its significance and increase its impact.
C. To shed light on the problem of haircutting violence in 18th century England, through satire.
D. Describing something trivial in grand, epic terms, to make fun of how a trivial thing is being taken seriously.

10.In "The Rape of the Lock" what is being compared to an epic battle?  
A. A card game.
B. A fashion show.
C. A dance off.
D. A musical performance.


The next thing I want to see from you on your paper is your first draft! This is very exciting. Bring TWO copies of your first draft: one for me and one to exchange with another student for peer review.

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