Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Reading Period 5: August 28 - Sept 3 : Renaissance: Thomas More, Edmund Spenser


The Faerie Queene Edmund Spenser (Read Book 1, Canto 1)

Passionate Shepherd to His Love by Christopher Marlowe (Textbook) and 
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd by Walter Raleigh (Textbook)

Utopia Thomas More (Book 1 optional, Book 2 required)


ART CONNECTION: After reading Book 2 of Thomas More's Utopia, create your own map of the island of Utopia. It can include all your original ideas and does not have to be a copy of More's map. It can be done in any medium. In your vision, what would utopia look like?

HISTORY CONNECTION: Write a 250 word essay explaining what the Spanish Armada was and its significance to the reign of Elizabeth I. 

WRITING CONNECTION: Rewrite the two poems, "Passionate Shepherd" and "Nymph's Reply" in contemporary dialogue, as if it were being spoken in a movie in modern times.

QUIZ: Read the section in the book titled The Renaissance, pages 127-148 and take this quiz. The questions are the same as those in the Review box on page 148.

1.Why was the Renaissance late coming to England?   
A. Confusion over the lack of a strong national language.
B. Political unrest due to battling dynasties.
C. Distance from Florence, Italy, where the Renaissance started.
D. Devout religious leaders made Humanism illegal.
E. Sir Thomas More opposed the spread of Renaissance ideas.

2.Who were the humanists? Choose all that apply.   (Choose all that Apply)
A. Sir Thomas More, Sir Thomas Wyatt, Henry Howard
B. Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Mary Tudor
C. Henry Tudor, King Richard, Opus Lancaster
D. Lorenzo De Medici, Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo
E. People who emphasized the achievements of humans, rather than the importance of God.

3.What literary work is considered the first masterpiece of the English Renaissance?   
A. Spenser's The Faerie Queen
B. Shakespeare's Macbeth
C. More's Utopia
D. Luther's 95 Theses
E. The Spanish Armada

4.Why did Henry VIII break with the Roman Catholic church?   
A. He wanted to establish his own national religion.
B. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was a Catholic.
C. He supported the Protestant Reformation.
D. He wanted a divorce, and the Pope wouldn't give him one.
E. Because the previous dynasty had been Catholic.

5.What were the interludes?   
A. Plays with non-religious plots and characters.
B. Intermission puppet shows during performances of Elizabethan dramas.
C. Plays with religious plots and characters.
D. Recitations of poetry performed in public markets.
E. Periods of time where people were more concerned with politics than literature.

6.In the Elizabethan idea of The Great Chain of Being, what position did humans occupy?   
A. At the bottom.
B. Among the angels.
C. Among the animals.
D. At the top.
E. At the middle.

7.What was the Protectorate?   
A. Charles I's court in hiding from Parliament at Nottingham.
B. A military dictatorship established by the Parliament after executing King Charles.
C. Oliver Cromwell's attempt to save Charles I from beheading.
D. Charles II's government in exile in Paris.
E. A refuge for poets and artists to escape the dangers of war.

8.What political event does the term Restoration refer to?   
A. The restoration of democracy as Parliament was given power over the government.
B. The restoration of theatrical performances after the theaters were closed during the Protectorate.
C. The restoration of Queen Elizabeth's daughter to the throne of England.
D. The restoration of the palace after it had been destroyed in the war.
E. The restoration of the monarchy as Charles II was crowned King.

9.What were the two major styles of early seventeenth-century poetry in England?   
A. Classical and Conservative.
B. Physical and Metaphysical.
C. Metaphysical and Philosophical.
D. Metaphysical and Classical.
E. Jacobean and Elizabethan.

10.What was the most influential prose work to come out of the seventeenth century?   
A. The King James Version of the Holy Bible.
B. The Anatomy of Melancholy by Burton
C. Hydrotaphia by Browne
D. Paradise Lost by Milton

E. Pilgrim's Progress by Bunyan

Reading Period 4: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

Here are some of the discussions we took up on our Google+ Community.

1. First person to leave a comment: Divide the characters of The Canterbury Tales into their three groups: Feudal, Ecclesiastical, and Urban. Following people: Look at the list. Is it correct? If yes, +1 the comment. If no, enter a new list.

2. In this documentary, British poet Simon Armitage takes a journey through the real life settings of this medieval work, and the result is fascinating! Watch this BBC documentary about Gawain and the Green Knight and answer the following questions:

1. The narrator of this documentary is himself a poet. He says the ancient Brits were “causing trouble and tormenting turbulent times.” This line is an example of what poetic device?
2. Into how many acts (or sections) is Gawain and the Green Knight divided?
3. What is the Green Knight’s challenge to the knights of King Arthur’s court?
4. What does Simon Armitage say is the difference between his translation and other modern translations?
5. Armitage compares the “noise” of Middle English to what other noise?
6. Armitage speculates that the “giants” hard on Gawain’s heels might have been a metaphor for what?
7. Where does the village of Holywell get its name? (You can find out more about this here (http://www.saintwinefrideswell.com/) and actually follow St. Winefride’s well on Twitter.)
8. What experience does the Green Knight share with St. Winefrides, that leads Armitage to believe her story may have inspired the idea of the Green Knight's challenge?
9. Gawain may have found shelter at Beeston Castle, overlooking the Cheshire plain. It’s now an English Heritage Site. Find a picture of it on the internet and post the link.
10. While Lady Bertilak is attempting to seduce Gawain in the castle, what is Lord Bertilak out doing?
11. What does Lady Bertilak give to Gawain?
12. What natural landmark is mentioned in the poem that allows modern scholars to place it exactly in a particular valley in England? (Hint: Here’s a page that gives a climber’s guide to exploring the region, including a photo or Rockhall Cottage, where Simon Armitage stayed overnight, and Lud’s Church where the chapel is thought to be. http://jimjarratt.co.uk/follies/page61.html)
13. What other feature of the language itself places the poem geographically?
14. How many times does the Green Knight hack at Gawain’s neck?
15. What do you think of the rock ‘n’ roll soundtrack of this documentary? It’s a little different from the harps and flutes and “medievally” music you might expect. Do you think it works?

3. Listen to the first 18 lines of The Canterbury Tales in Middle English in the following videos. Tell me a rule of pronunciation you can deduce from listening to the videos and looking at the Middle English written out on p 58.

Here's one version: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QE0MtENfOMU

Here's another version: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lGJntNFFqo

4. How does Arthur’s behavior in the Morte D’Arthur excerpt compare with Chaucer’s description of The Knight’s behavior in The Canterbury Tales?

5. Do you think it’s wise for Arthur to promise The Lady of the Lake a return gift without specifying any parameters for what this gift might be? What do you think it will be? Does this remind you of any other folk tale?

Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Reading Period 4: August 21 - 27: The Canterbury Tales, Gawain and the Green Knight, Le Morte D'Arthur

Another one of Cameron's illustrations.

The Canterbury Tales Prologue, by Geoffrey Chaucer. Intro and excerpt in Textbook. (Here it is read in Middle English.)

Gawain and the Green Knight, by Unknown. Intro and excerpt in Textbook. (Here's a theatrical interpretation that some students made as a class project. It's pretty awesome.)

Le Morte D'Arthur by Sir Thomas Mallory. Intro and excerpt in Textbook.



Julia Margaret Cameron was an art photographer who lived and worked in the mid-1800s. She was commissioned by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, to create photographs to illustrate his Idylls of the King, a collection of 12 poems with an Arthurian theme. She also took photographs of Tennyson himself. Go to this web site and read an article about Julia Margaret Cameron's techniques and the materials she worked with. Look at her illustrations of Merlin and Vivien, Parting of Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere, King Arthur, and Lady Elaine.

Now take a look at this more famous collection of illustrations by Gustave Dore, created for the same set of poems.

Which do you think is a more effective method of illustration -- photography or drawing? Why? Write a 250 word essay explaining your opinion.


Use the internet to do some research on Myrddin Wyllt. Check out Geoffrey of Monmouth's Vita Merlini. Read about King Vortigern and the two dragons. Find out who Ambrosius Aurelianus was. Now write a 250 word paragraph speculating on the origins of the character "Merlin" in Arthurian legend.


Chaucer begins his prologue by listing people by profession that he saw on the road. What list might you make of people you pass on the road, by profession? List and describe at least ten, with descriptions. Your assignment should total 250 words.


Note: This quiz has fancy buttons that do nothing. You will still need to email your answers.

Which of these jobs did Chaucer do in his lifetime? Choose all that apply.   (Choose all that Apply)
A.Foreign diplomat.
C.Justice of the Peace.
D.Clerk of the Works at the Tower of London.
E.Sub-forester of the king's forests.
F.Horse trainer to the Duke of Lancaster.

Which language was mostly spoken among the upper class in Chaucer's day? (Hint: This was due to the Norman invasion.)   


What is the framing story for Chaucer's "The Canterbury Tales"?   
A.People making a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral.
B.The murder of Thomas a Becket.
C.Citizens escape from the plague in the city of Canterbury.
D.Applicants are interviewed for jobs in Canterbury.


Which character is pictured here?   
A.The Knight
B.The Prioress
C.Chaucer himself
D.The Squire


Which character is pictured here?   
A.The Merchant
B.The Monk
C.The Nun's Priest
D.The Clerk of Oxford
E.The Friar


Whose shrine are the pilgrims visiting at Canterbury?   
A.Thomas a Becket.
B.Alfred the Great.
C.William the Conqueror.
D.Geoffrey Chaucer.
E.Phillip Mountbatten.


Which pilgrim is particularly concerned with table manners?   
A.The Pardoner
B.The Merchant
C.The Prioress.
D.The Yeoman


Which pilgrim has a natural gift for begging?   
A.The Physician
B.The Shipman
C.The Cook
D.The Friar
E.The Parson


What is a reeve, according to Chaucer's description?   
A.An estate manager.
B.A seller of pardons from the Pope in Rome.
C.Someone who summons sinners to a church to be judged for their sins.
D.The person who purchases food for a church, court, or college.
E.A ditch digger.


Explain what is meant by lines 731-748. Which of the following sentences correctly paraphrases Chaucer's meaning?   
A.I apologize for how rude some of these tales are going to be.
B.These tales are not rude; they're honest stories from real people.
C.Don't blame me if the tales are rude; I'm only retelling them as exactly as possible.
D.I'm making up these tales myself, and am solely responsible for the contents.


What is the genre of the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight?   
A.War epic.
B.Medieval romance.
C.Folk ballad.
D.Morality poem.

1 pts.
Each stanza (or strophe) of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ends with a short line followed by four rhyming lines, illustrated here with lines 37-59. What do you call the last five lines here?   
A.Skip and purple.
B.Bob and wheel.
E.Frisk and whistle.


1 pts.
Why was the Green Knight testing Gawain?   
A.To see if he was as honorable as Arthur.
B.Gawain was rumored to be invincible.
C.His green girdle was stolen.
D.Gawain kissed the Green Knight's wife.


Where was Thomas Malory when he wrote Morte D'Arthur (Death of Arthur)?   
A.In the hospital
B.In Camelot.
C.In France.
D.In jail.
E.On a boat.


What change came over Arthur and his knights between their stories' origin and the writing of Morte D'Arthur?   
A.They greatly decreased in number as tales were lost to time.
B.They went from sitting in a Viking meeting hall at a long table to sitting in a castle around a round table.
C.They went from being commoners to nobles.
D.They went from being religious and pious to being bloodthirsty killers.
E.They went from being rough heroes like Beowulf to being romantic figures of chivalry.



It is very important to get a jump on your participation early in the week. When the weekend rolls around, I have been emailing those students who haven't piped up on our Google+ Community, to see if they are on hiatus. If I have to email your parent to see if you're on hiatus, you won't get higher than a 7 for participation that week. Squeezing in all your discussion to the final hours before the reading period ends at 1:30 is not a good way to engender lively discussion! To get the most out of the class, log on for a few minutes every day. Jolly good!

Reading Period 3: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

Here are some of the daily assignments and topics we discussed via our Google+ Community:

1. Check out the Old English version of The Seafarer. What language does it look like when you glance at it, and why? Now remember that this is a precursor to your own native tongue! Find five words that you can pick out and translate into English without looking at a side-by-side version. Try not to duplicate words with other commenters! Here's the link: http://www8.georgetown.edu/departments/medieval/labyrinth/library/oe/texts/a3.9.html

2. Listen to this podcast of a panel of medieval scholars discussing the Venerable Bede from the BBC Radio show “In Our Time Religion." Then answer these questions. To find the podcast, go to the link given, and scroll through the offerings in the small box on the right side, to find the one called The Venerable Bede. It's about halfway down. The podcast is about 30 minutes long. Read through the questions first so you know what to listen for:

1. Why would Pope Gregory call England “the outermost edge of the known world”?
2. What does it mean when the narrator says, “Dante put him in Paradise”?
3. It’s hard to hear what the speakers are saying about the abbey where Bede worked. It’s spelled Monkwearmouth-Jarrow or Wearmouth-Jarrow. Where is it located, in modern England?
4. The library at Wearmouth-Jarrow was impressive because its founder, Benedict Biscop, was willing to travel far and wide and pay for acquiring books. What price does the panelist give as an example of a really expensive book?
5. What age was Bede when his relatives paid a dowry to the church to “give him” to the religious life?
6. Bede didn’t get promoted past the rank of “priest” in the monastery. Do the scholars feel that this indicates he was a professional failure?
7. In how many church services a day did the monks at Wearmouth-Jarrow participate?
8. Bede’s version of the Bible was the favorite of the Vatican in medieval times and still used until 1963. In what language was it written and how many copies did they make?
9. Why was it really special that Bede’s version of the Bible was contained in a single volume? How was the Bible usually circulated in those days?
10. How many books or sections are there in Bede’s History of the English Church and People?
11. What writing convention did Bede invent to document his sources and reference the books he was using to make his history? Hint: You might use these in a research paper and format them according to MLA standards.
12. What is a propagandist? In what way was Bede a propagandist?
13. The scholars say that Bede’s approval of the translation of his history into Old English was possibly “tinged with regret.” Why?
14. What does it mean that the Old English translation was a “selective translation”?

3. This web site, “Bede’s World,” is the modern internet home of Wearmouth-Jarrow, which you can visit if you go to England, to learn about life in medieval times and experience life as Bede would have seen it. You can even get married there! Go to the web site, and poke around a bit. Then come back and tell me something interesting, or just tell me what’s happening there starting tomorrow.

4. Read about The Exeter Book at this web site and answer these questions.
A) Why did it survive for so many years?
B) What liquid was spilled on its pages?
C) How does the religious attitude of a poem help us to date it?

5. Go to this page and scroll down to the audio recording of Caedmon’s Hymn. How do you think they did, setting it to music?

Now try this video. Caedmon's Hymn in Old English

Which do you think better represented the text? What do you think the creators of each audio file were thinking, when they decided how to read/sing the poem? If you were going to create a recording of Caedmon's Hymn, how would you read/sing it? What sounds might you have in the background?

6. Caedmon lived in Whitby Abbey, which is now in ruin, and which Bram Stoker, author of Dracula, used for inspiration for the original vampire novel. Remember this -- we’ll be reading Dracula next semester! Here's a bit more about that connection.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reading Period 3: August 14-20: Medieval


Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation by Bede, the Venerable

Read about Bede on page 32, then visit this link. Read titles in the list of chapters in Book 1, then read chapters 1-10.

The Seafarer by Anonymous

Read the poem in the textbook.

Caedmon's Hymn by Caedmon of Whitby

Read the selection in the textbook as excerpted from Bede's work (pages 33-34) and then read this alternate West Saxon version online.


ART CONNECTION: Create an illustrated text for the first line of Caedmon's Hymn. Use this as inspiration (click for a bigger version):

HISTORY CONNECTION: Bede's History of the English Church and People was originally written in Latin, but was translated into Old English. You can read a bit about the significance of this on page 32 in our textbook. For this assignment, I'd like you to dig a bit deeper and find out more about what language meant to this historical moment in England. Write about what you find in a short essay (250 word minimum) including at least one source besides our textbook.

WRITING CONNECTION: Choose 20 words from the poem "The Seafarer" and make a list. Then write a 20-line poem about an experience that inspires you, using one word from your list in each line. The word from "The Seafarer" doesn't have to be the first word in the line, nor do the words have to come in any particular order. The poem does not have to rhyme.


Read the section called "The Medieval Period" in the textbook (pp. 43-54). The questions are the same as those in the box marked "Review" on page 54.

1.1066 : 1485  
A. Magna Carta : End of Wars of the Roses
B. Norman Conquest : End of Wars of the Roses
C. Norman Conquest : End of Hundred Years War
D. Doomsday Book : Beginning of Hundred Years War
E. Crusades Begin : Crusades End

2.What system of landholding did William the Conqueror introduce into England?  
A. Feudalism
B. Nobility
C. Tribal Fiefdoms
D. Communal Ownership
E. Private Property

3.Why did William the Conqueror have an inventory of property drawn up in the Domesday Book?  
A. To better assign his friends their new property.
B. Because property disputes were so prevalent.
C. To illuminate the need for a flat tax.
D. So taxes could be uniform for all.
E. So taxes could be based on real property.

4.Why is the Medieval Church considered the most important cultural institution of the period?  
A. Because it unified the culture of the country.
B. Because Latin was the language of educated persons.
C. Because it helped separate the nobles from the populace.
D. Because it connected England to Europe.
E. Because universities had not yet been invented.

5.What economic development was responsible for the growth of cities and the merchant class?  
A. People turned pastures into farmland and began growing beets.
B. The wool industry exploded as English wool was highly prized.
C. Silks from China were introduced as luxury items.
D. Cities were less polluted than they are today.
E. Merchants became rich by selling goods others had produced.

6.What is the connection between the Magna Carta and present-day representative government?  
A. It defined the boundaries of Medieval England.
B. It established independent, self-governing states within the country of England.
C. It did away with the idea of trial by ordeal.
D. It introduced the idea that barons had to give consent to taxes levied against them.
E. It made duels illegal.

7.In what way did the Black Death help to bring an end to the institution of feudalism?  
A. So many people died that there weren't enough laborers.
B. All the funerals caused an upsurge of religious piety.
C. The nobles got tired of burying all the dead serfs, and freed them posthumously.
D. It wasn't safe to labor in the fields because you might get sick.
E. The nobles all died, leaving the workers free to keep their own profit.

8.Name two important wars that were fought during the Middle Ages.  
A. War of the Roses, Danish Invasion
B. King Arthur Defeats Questing Beast, War of the Roses
C. Norman Invasion, Defeat of the Spanish Armada
D. Danish Invasion, Norman Invasion
E. Hundred Years' War, War of the Roses

9.What form of literature illustrates the medieval ideal of chivalry?  
A. Morality Play
B. Miracle Play
C. Ode
D. Romance
E. Hymn

10.What two kinds of drama flourished in the Middle Ages?  
A. Tragic Plays, Comic Plays
B. Ballads, Laments
C. Miracle Plays, Morality Plays
D. Murder Mystery, Historical Dramas
E. Shakespearean Plays, One Act Plays


I still need to hear from several of you who have not yet chosen which Longer Works you will read.

In order for our online class to function, please read every post in the Google+ Community, and at least +1 it to show you have read it, if you do not respond with a comment. We had some wonderful discussion last week about primary and residual orality! Great job to those who participated. It really made me think differently about speech, writing, writing intended to be spoken, writing never intended to be spoken, and writing transcribed from speech.

If you have any questions, please email me or post to the community.

Monday, August 12, 2013

Reading Period 2: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

Here are some of the daily assignments and topics we discussed via our Google+ Community.

1. Go and watch this brief talk on Beowulf from Francis Leneghan, a professor at the University of Oxford. Then answer the following questions: 

A. What is the word for poet in old English and what modern word recalls that? (Hint: If you're looking for spelling, this word also appears in our textbook in the "The Anglo-Saxon Period".)
B. Does the speaker believe that the “author” of Beowulf (that is, the person who wrote down the words in the manuscript) is just using familiar, well-known material to put together the story, or is he actually creating original material?
C. How does Beowulf himself take “poetic license” or embellish his own story? What is poetic license?
D. What do you think “primary orality” and “residual orality” mean?

And then, pursuant to our discussion of primary and residual orality, this: 

Here's an interesting list of characteristics of oral cultures. This is connected to my comment on the "primary orality" and "residual orality" discussion on the post about the podcast from the Oxford prof. 

This list is relevant to Kilwch and Olwen as well as to Beowulf, as some of these characteristics explain the odd structures of the story of King Arthur's exploits. The repetitiveness, for example. 

I'm interested in this idea that the scribe of Kilwch and Olwen or the scribe of Beowulf might have been just transcribing oral speech, rather than creating a written text. Is transcribing a story from an oral tradition the same thing as writing a story on paper for the first time? Maybe literacy (that is, reading and writing) doesn't happen until "residual orality" fades away to a point that the language is being generated on the page rather than just recorded from being heard. 
2. Read “Literary Elements” on p 30 in the textbook and answer these three questions:

A) Anglo-Saxon poetry usually has four strong beats per line, separated into two halves and divided by a pause called a______.

B) Alliteration means repeating the beginnings sounds over multiple words like fat fox or purple panda. Often alliteration is used to connect two halves of the same line. Find an example and give the line #. 

C) What is a kenning? 

3. Read this convocation address by George Saunders from this year’s graduation at Syracuse University. How do you think Saunders’ advice would hold up in Beowulf’s time? 

4. In Beowulf, after the defeat of Grendel, the Danes rejoiced that there was no warrior better suited to rule over men than Beowulf. (See lines 505-515.) List five words associated with a warrior suited to rule over men in Anglo-Saxon times, and then list five words associated with an ideal president for contemporary times in the USA. 

5. What are Ales Stenar and how does this relate to Beowulf? (Hint:  In Beowulf's time, the people who lived in this area would have been called a name that is actually pronounced "Yates" although it looks like it would rhyme with "beets." )

Tuesday, August 6, 2013

Reading Period 2: Aug 7 - Aug 13: The Anglo-Saxon Period


Please read the Beowulf excerpt in the textbook. If you've decided to read the entire text of Beowulf as one of your "Longer Works" this is a great time to get started on that.

Here's a discussion question to help you focus as you read. Beowulf was written in Old English between the 8th and 11th century AD by an Anglo-Saxon poet. This poet would have been influenced heavily by the Christian religion, which had taken firm root in England by this time, but the tale he tells is from a pre-Christian time, so the characters in the story were pagan. As you read the excerpt in the textbook, look for passages where the paganism of the characters and the Christianity of the author come in conflict. Leave a comment with an example of such a passage. There are several.


Choose one of these assignments:

ART CONNECTION: Create a comic illustrating one of the following scenes: Grendel's attack on Herot, Unferth's taunt, or Beowulf's battle with Grendel. It should have at least three frames.

HISTORY CONNECTION: Read about the archaeological dig at Sutton Hoo at this web site, and watch this short movie, Summer's End:


Answer these questions:
1. What was the first thing they found in the first mound, that led them to believe they were unearthing a ship?
2. According to legend which until now had never been proven, what were great kings buried inside?
3. What was going on at the time when the artifacts at Sutton Hoo were first discovered?
4. Why was there nothing found in the first couple of mounds that were investigated?
5. You might be familiar with the idea of trains full of children leaving London during WWII. What classic children's book has this scene in it?
6. The movie references two other reasons for digging, besides archaeology. What are they?
7. How did the archaeologists protect the dig, and the things they had found?
8. What changed in people's ideas about "the dark ages" as a result of the findings at Sutton Hoo? What is "a miserable primitivism"?
9. In what way was the time during the excavation a "dark age" in London, because of the war?
10. What other purpose did the military use the burial mounds for, during the war?


Write a "Help Wanted" ad from Hrothgar to be posted in the Danish Times, advertising for a warrior with the qualities and characteristics required to slay Grendel.
Write a "Help Wanted" ad for a military leader in contemporary times, including the skills and abilities needed to be a successful war hero.
What do you observe about where these descriptions overlap and where they separate?


Read the section in your textbook called The Anglo-Saxon Period (pp. 1-10) and do the quiz for RP2:

1.Why is the Anglo-Saxon period usually dated starting in 449?  
A. That's when the Romans left.
B. That's when the Jutes crossed the North Sea and landed in Britain.
C. That's when the Vikings were defeated.
D. That's the date of the Norman invasion.

2.Who occupied the British Isles before the Anglo-Saxons?  
A. The Britons, a Celtic people.
B. The Beatles, a Liverpool band.
C. The Romans, a thriving empire.
D. The Normans, led by King Arthur.

3.Who is credited with the unification of England?  
A. King Ethelred of Kent.
B. King Pork of Chop.
C. King Alfred of Wessex.
D. King Elvis of Rock.

4.Who was the first Archbishop of Canterbury?  
A. St. Paul
B. St. Augustine
C. St. Whitby
D. St. Bede

5.Why has so little Anglo-Saxon poetry survived?  
A. The language of the Anglo-Saxons cannot be translated.
B. Because poems are hard to remember.
C. In the Great Purge of 985 AD, all were burned.
D. They were not written down, but mostly sung.

6.What function was performed by the scop?  
A. Boot cleaner and chimney sweep of the tribe.
B. Historian and "memory" of the tribe.
C. Collector of battle artifacts of the tribe.
D. Writing down all the important laws of the tribe.

7.What are the two major traditions of Anglo-Saxon poetry?  
A. The sonnet tradition and the ballad tradition.
B. The horseradish tradition and the monkey tradition.
C. The heroic tradition and the villainous tradition.
D. The heroic tradition and the elegiac tradition.

8.With what work is Bede associated?  
A. A History of the English Church and People
B. Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum
C. Wait, the two things above are the same.
D. Rabble-rousing for the revolution.

9.What work was begun by King Alfred as a record of English history?  
A. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
B. The Anglo-Saxon Times
C. The Anglo-Saxon Record
D. The Anglo-Saxon Tribune

10.What event brought the Anglo-Saxon period to a close?  
A. The Normal Conquest
B. The Norman Conquest
C. The Norman Contest
D. The Norbert Funquest


In a post on the Google+ Community or an email to me, let me know which two longer works you will be working on this semester. Visit this page to review your choices.