Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Reading Period 9: Sept 25 - Oct 1: Macbeth Acts IV-V


Read the fourth and fifth acts of Macbeth as found in your textbook, and also "Reading Macbeth" and "On the Knocking At the Gate" in your textbook (pages 251-257).


Art Connection:

Listen to and watch Verdi's opera, Macbeth, on YouTube. Find at least three different productions. Skip around in the videos until you can find at least three different scenes that you recognize what's going on, even though it's not in English. Describe the scenes you watched, comparing different productions to each other. For example, here's a very modern interpretation: 

History Connection:

Both Macbeth and Duncan were real historical characters -- both kings of Scotland in the 11th century. Shakespeare didn't completely make up this story -- of the fourteen kings who reigned between 943 and 1097, ten were murdered. But where did he diverge from reality? Was the real Macbeth a villain or a hero? Research what really happened and write 250 words telling me what Shakespeare invented and what was real. 

Writing Connection:

Pretend you are a trial lawyer preparing a defense of Macbeth in the murder of Duncan and Banquo. Using at least three key points to defend him, write your closing statement to the jury. Use at least 250 words. 


This week's quiz will cover Macbeth's fourth and fifth acts, as well as "On the Knocking at the Gate" by Thomas de Quincey, in your text.

1.What are the three apparitions that give prophecies to Macbeth?  
A. The ghost of Duncan, the ghost of Banquo, the ghost of Fleance.
B. A head, a bloody child, a child dressed as a king.
C. A dagger, a head, a bloody hand.
D. First witch, second witch, third witch.
E. Dunsinane, Forres, Inverness.

2.What are the three prophecies he receives?  
A. 1. Beware Macduff. 2. Worry about Fleance. 3. Ponder Duncan.
B. 1. Beware Macduff. 2. Stay away from Dunsinane. 3. Stay away from women.
C. 1. Beware Macduff. 2. No woman born in Scotland shall ever defeat him. 3. He will not be vanquished as long as Duncan's corpse is in Dunsinane wood.
D. 1. Beware Macduff. 2. No man of woman born shall stand against him. 3. He will never be vanquished until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane Hill
E. 1. Beware Macduff. 2. No man of England shall stand against him. 3. King Edward was not born of a woman.

3.What does this mean? “From this moment, the very firstlings of my heart shall be the firstlings of my hand.” (Act IV Scene 1, Macbeth’s final speech)  
A. As soon as I have an idea, I’m going to act upon it.
B. I will never betray my first love.
C. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
D. If I find something in my hand, I'm going to stick it in my heart.
E. Whatever moves me first will move me last.

4.Who says the line: “He has kill'd me, mother:Run away, I pray you!”  
A. Fleance.
B. Banquo.
C. Macduff's son.
D. Duncan.
E. Malcolm.

5.In Act IV Scene 3, Malcolm accuses himself of being insanely lustful, avaricious, criminal, power-hungry, not suited to be king. How does his conversation with Macduff resolve?  
A. He kills himself.
B. Macduff agrees Malcolm should never be king.
C. He takes it all back.
D. The doctor takes him to King Edward for a cure.
E. He accuses himself of being addicted to haggis.

6.What help has the King of England loaned to Macduff in his effort against Macbeth?  
A. 10,000 men and a healing wand of blessing.
B. 10,000 trees that can walk to Dunsinane.
C. 10,000 generals and a sewer, newly built.
D. 10,000 witches and a cauldron, hot.
E. 10,000 men and Siward, Earl of Northumberland, for their general.

7.When Macduff is grieving for his wife and children, Malcolm says, “Be this the whetstone of your sword.” What does this mean?  
A. Let this prevent you from being rash in battle.
B. Let this motivate you to be fierce in battle.
C. Let this teach you that battle serves no purpose.
D. Let this make you feel better after your wounds.
E. Let this convince you to build a fence instead of an army.

8.What is Lady Macbeth worried about, while sleepwalkingin Act V, Scene 1?  
A. She sees an apparition of a witch.
B. She cannot find her husband.
C. She sees ghosts in her bedroom.
D. She cannot find her dagger.
E. She sees blood on her hands.

9.How did Birnam Wood come to Dunsinane?  
A. The trees took up root and marched.
B. The soldiers used branches as cover.
C. The soldiers dressed as trees.
D. The wood was transported in a magical fog.
E. The wood symbolized Macbeth's guilt.

10.How was Macbeth killed by a man not of woman born?  
A. Macduff was out of Scotland's trees resplendent made.
B. Macduff was from his father wholly made asunder.
C. Macduff was from his mother's womb untimely ripped.
D. Macduff was from a man and goat fastidious clenched.
E. Macduff was out of Duncan's brain conceived and born.

11.Why does Thomas De Quincey say that a poet must "throw the interest on the murderer" instead of the murdered person?  
A. Because the murdered person isn't as interesting.
B. Because murder is wrong, and poets should show that.
C. Because there aren't that many murdered people.
D. Because murdered people can't do soliloquys.
E. Because murderers look better on stage.

12.What is the difference between "sympathy of comprehension" and "sympathy of pity."  
A. "Sympathy of comprehension" means you like the person, but "sympathy of pity" means you just feel sorry for them.
B. "Sympathy of comprehension" means you think the person is wise, but "sympathy of pity" means you think the person is weak.
C. "Sympathy of comprehension" means you understand why the murder is necessary, but "sympathy of pity" means you wish they didn't have to die.
D. "Sympathy of comprehension" means you understand the person, but "sympathy of pity" means you're on their side.
E. "Sympathy of comprehension" means you believe the person is strong, but "sympathy of pity" means they're just pathetic.

13.To what does Thomas De Quincey compare the sound of the knocking at the gate in Macbeth? There are TWO correct answers.   (Choose all that Apply)
A. The walking stick of a devil, climbing up from hell.
B. The crash of thunder after a blast of lightning.
C. The sigh of a woman recovering from a faint.
D. The sound of a book closing at the end of a reading.
E. To the sound of wheels rattling after the silence of a funeral procession.

14.According to De Quincey, what happened in Macbeth while the goings-on of the real world were suspended?  
A. Woods were able to march and men weren't born of women.
B. The witches were able to summon Hecate.
C. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth became fiends and committed murders.
D. The reaction to the murders began, and humanity re-emerged.
E. The gate was silenced, and anyone knocking on it was instantly killed.

15.To what does De Quincey compare Shakespeare's work?  
A. To the great historical works of Bede and Augustine.
B. To the sun and the sea, the stars and the flowers.
C. To the Bible.
D. To the epic poetry of Homer and Virgil.
E. To great works of art from ages past.


Next week in class, your thesis statement and three sources for your research paper are due. I will be giving you a Google document to use for this assignment. Please also check and see whether October 26th is a viable date for you, for our murder mystery party. 

Reading Period 8: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

Here are the topics we addressed and assignments we tackled on our Google+ Community:


Rules: The first person summarizes a sonnet in one sentence. The next person gives the first line of the summarized sonnet, and summarizes another sonnet. And so on. I'll begin: 

SUMMARY: Summer days aren't as awesome as you, babe, because they end and you'll live forever in this handy poem. 

Now you give the first line of that sonnet, and summarize a new sonnet. GO!

2. Duncan’s Castle was located in Forres and Macbeth’s castle was located in Inverness. Find these cities on Google Maps. Then find out: What is Sven’s Stone? There’s a river that flows through Inverness. Where does this river originate?

3. Remember Simon Armitage, the poet who made the documentary about Gawain and the Green Knight? His new book, "Walking Home" got a rave in the LA Review of Books -- the reviewer calls him "arguably the best poet writing in English." It's a long review, but if you scroll down you can catch some fragments of his poetry. Nice!


Read your parts carefully out loud to make sure you know how to pronounce all the words and are comfortable with the speeches. Have fun! Do it in a mirror. Make your family members read with you and do the other parts!

1st Witch: HannaD
2nd Witch: Marisa
3rd Witch: HannahE
Macbeth: Saejin
Banquo: Mary
Ross: Lane
Angus: Alex

Macbeth: Benny
Lady Macbeth: Marisa

Macduff: Saejin
Macbeth: Jacob
Lennox: Zach
Lady Macbeth: HannaD
Banquo: Lane
Donalbain: Alex
Malcolm: HannahE

1st Murderer: Benny
2nd Murderer: HannaD
3rd Murderer: Jacob
Banquo: Zach
Fleance: Mary

Macbeth: Saejin
Lady Macbeth: HannahE
1st Murderer: Benny
Lennox: Alex
Ross: Lane
Banquo's Ghost: Zach

BONUS QUESTION (for those who have dutifully read this entire message): Which soliloquy from the acts assigned for this week is represented in this photo?

5. Look at Scene 5, lines 33-49. What other piece of literature does this remind you of? 

6. Weekend challenge! Use this famous line from Macbeth at some point in your daily life this weekend, then tell us the occasion on which you used it: “If it were done when ‘tis done, then ‘twere well it were done quickly.” 

7. Paraphrase Macbeth’s soliloquy in Act 3, Scene 1, Lines 48-72.

8. Make a list of props that might be needed in the first three acts of Macbeth. First person to comment leave one prop, next person add another, etc. 

9. Describe the plan for murder and how Macbeth and Lady Macbeth intend to get away with it, as revealed in Act 2 Scene 2. 

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Reading Period 8: September 18-24: Macbeth Acts I-III


Read the first three acts of Macbeth, which are in your textbook. Pay close attention to the parts that you were assigned to read out in class! If you have a soliloquy, practice it in the mirror.



The three witches in Macbeth have been portrayed in every conventional way imaginable, from green-nosed warty crones to voodoo priestesses, and even some unconventional ways. Can you think of a brand new way to visualize these characters, to make them fresh? Do your own version of Henry Fuseli's 1783 painting. Don't copy his style -- use your own concept. 


Write 250 words about the Globe theater, who its patrons were, how it fit into Renaissance lifestyles, and how it operated.


Rewrite Act I Scene 5 in first person prose from the POV of Lady Macbeth, using modern dialogue between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth where appropriate. So, your piece might begin. "I got a letter from Macbeth today! I was just lingering around the castle, frustrated with our lesser nobility, when this message from my husband really lit up my day..." Etc.


This week the quiz is over the first three acts of Macbeth. You will be asked to interpret some lines, remember some facts, and read some subtext. Use the footnotes to help you! If you need to use an educational site that summarizes the plot for you, or helps you figure out what's going on, that's completely fine.

1.At the beginning of the play, who are Duncan's captains, Macbeth and Banquo, fighting?  
A. Two armies: Norway and the rebel Macdonwald
B. One army: Norway
C. One army: the rebel Macdonwald
D. Two armies: Norway and England
E. Two armies: Ireland and Macdonwald

2.Summarize Act 1 Scene 2.  
A. The Thane of Cawdor will die.
B. Duncan is a great king.
C. Macbeth is a great warrior.
D. The Norwegians had massive numbers.
E. Macdonwald is a villain.

3.The witches give Macbeth some information which is unknown to him, but that the audience already knows to be true. This establishes for the audience their ability to truly prophesy -- what is the information?  
A. That he is Thane of Glamis.
B. That he is Thane of Cawdor.
C. That he will be king.
D. That he will not be king, but his sons will.
E. That he will be happy.

4.What does Macbeth mean by this: “Two truths are told as happy prologues to the swelling act of the imperial theme.” (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 128)  
A. He only understood two of the things the witches told him.
B. Only plays with prologues can have third acts with kings.
C. If there is a king in the first act, then he must be assassinated by the third act.
D. The witches were right about being Thane of Glamis and Cawdor, which means they may be right about being king.
E. He plans to tell everyone the truth about the prophesy, and then be king.

5.What does Macbeth mean by this: “If chance will have me King, why, chance may crown me, without my stir.” (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 143)  
A. Nothing is within our control; we are at the mercies of the fates.
B. If I’m supposed to be king, it’ll happen without my doing anything.
C. I'm going to do everything possible to make myself king.
D. There's no such thing as chance, because everything happens for a reason.
E. The only way chance makes a king, is to crown a king by chance.

6.Who dies in Act I?  
A. Macbeth
B. Banquo
C. Duncan
D. The old Thane of Glamis
E. The old Thane of Cawdor

7.What happens between the time Macbeth exits at the end of Act 2 Scene 1 and the time he enters in Scene 2?  
A. He sends a messenger to the king.
B. He confers with Lady Macbeth.
C. He visits the park on his horse.
D. He kills Duncan.
E. He kills Banquo.

8.Who officially discovers Duncan’s body? (Act 2 Scene 3)  
A. Macbeth
B. Banquo
C. Macduff
D. The grooms
E. Fleance

9.What did Macbeth do to cover up the assassination of the King?  
A. Smear the grooms’ hands with blood.
B. Wash his hands of blood.
C. Kill the grooms.
D. Pretend to be surprised and horrified at the body.
E. All of the above.

10.Who fled from the castle after the king was discovered dead?  
A. Lennox and Ross.
B. The two grooms, covered in blood.
C. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.
D. Banquo and Fleance.
E. Malcolm and Donalbain, the king's sons.

11.Who does Macbeth tell the murderers to kill in Act 3, Scene 1?  
A. Duncan and Banquo.
B. Macduff and Lennox.
C. Malcolm and Donalbain.
D. Banquo and Fleance.
E. Lennox and Ross.

12.What does Macbeth mean by this? Act 3 Scene 2 Line 45: “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, till thou applaud the dead.”  
A. You won't be able to fully appreciate the murder unless you understand the plot.
B. Better you know nothing of what's going to happen, until it's done.
C. You will stay innocent as long as you don't kill anyone.
D. I can't tell you what's going to happen, because you'll give away the plot.
E. Make sure you appear to be happy, after the murder is accomplished.

13.Where do the murderers in Act 3, Scene 3, set on their victims?  
A. In a park near the castle.
B. In the stable, after the horses have been put up.
C. In Forres.
D. In the victims' bedrooms, when they are asleep.
E. In the castle yard.

14.Why does Macbeth not want to take his seat at the table with the lords?  
A. Lady Macbeth has told him not to sit down at the table.
B. He is worried that there is a plot against his life.
C. There is a ghost sitting in it.
D. He doesn't want to accidentally give away information.
E. He hallucinates a bloody dagger lying on the stool.

15.Why has Macduff gone to England? (Hint: reread Act 3, Scene 6)  
A. To Forres to spread the word of Duncan's assassination.
B. To Inverness to protect Malcolm and Donalbain.
C. To England to avoid suspicion of murder.
D. To England to ask King Edward for help in removing Macbeth from the throne.

E. To Ireland to encourage Macdonwald's supporters to rise against Macbeth.


Next week you need to recite your sonnet, if you didn't this week. You also need to stake your claim on a costume/persona for the Halloween party murder mystery!

In class, we'll read the selected scenes from Macbeth, and we'll play QuizBowl over the list of vocabulary with short definitions.

In two weeks, you'll turn in a list of resources for your research paper. We'll talk about that more as we go along. 

Reading Period 7: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

1. Guess what? We’re all going to memorize a sonnet. Me too. 
A. Pick a sonnet. Any between pages 152 and 169. 
B. Research memorizing strategies. Here’s a Wikihow about it -- does this help? Or no? What memorizing strategies have helped you in the past? There are even sonnet flashcards. Google it.
C. Leave a comment saying what sonnet you are going to memorize, and what memory strategies you’re going to use. 

2. Read about The Mystery of Shakespeare’s Identity -- what do you think? Here’s the transcript of a PBS show on the same topic.

3. Watch this short video on understanding meter in the sonnets, then take YOUR sonnet that you've chosen to memorize and divide it into "feet." Write the first two lines in a comment, with forward slashes to indicate the feet: 

4. Watch this short video on identifying rhyme scheme in sonnets. Now locate all the rhymes in YOUR sonnet that you've chosen to memorize. List all the rhyming words in your sonnet in a comment below. 

5. What Shakespeare would have sounded like back in Shakespeare's day -- when prove and love rhymed... 

6. Lots of people have put Shakespeare’s sonnets to music… check out this video of Rufus Wainwright singing Sonnet 29. For extra British Literature relevance, the images in the video are from a movie version of Pride and Prejudice. 

7. Watch this video, an episode of The History of English, titled “Shakespeare.” This video talks about the way Shakespeare’s writing influenced the language. 

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Reading Period 7: September 11-17: Shakespeare Sonnets


This week we'll read about Shakespeare and his sonnets, pages 164-173. We will also skip back a little bit and read the Spenser and Sidney sonnets, pages 154-159, making 11 sonnets in all. 



Create a full color illustration for one of the sonnets in the book. Can be any sonnet, pages 152-169. Incorporate the text of the sonnet into the illustration. Use as your inspiration the book Shakespeare's Love Sonnets, illustrated by Caitlin Keegan. 


Write 250 words connecting the sonnet form to the Elizabethen concept of the "Great Chain of Being." Why did Elizabethans love order and harmony? How does the "artificiality" of the sonnet form fit in with the general Elizabethan worldview? (See p 138-139)


Your turn! Write a sonnet in the English form: three quatrains and a couplet. abab, cdcd, efef, gg


The quiz is OPEN BOOK! The material covered by this quiz appears in your textbook on pages 164-165, in the video on Shakespeare's page on Biography.com, and in the five pages of text on that site. Here is the link. You must watch the video and read the text of the video before you take the quiz. It's my recommendation that you read the material, open up the quiz and read over the questions, then start the video and take the quiz using the pause button.

1.What was Shakespeare's education?  
A. Attended university at Oxford.
B. Educated in a local grammar school.
C. Educated at a monastery and divinity school.
D. Educated at Eton and Cambridge.
E. Attended a trade school for actors and theater managers.

2.How do we know that by 1592 Shakespeare was in London, working as an actor and playwright?  
A. In that year he started his theater company, The Lord Chamberlain's Men
B. In that year he sold his house in Stratford.
C. In that year another playwright rival wrote something critical of him.
D. In that year, the plague broke out.
E. In that year, he published a play: The Comedy of Errors.

3.Why did Shakespeare's acting company change its name from The Lord Chamberlain's Men to The King's Men?  
A. James I came to the throne in 1603 and took over the company as his own.
B. The Lord Chamberlain died.
C. Queen Elizabeth demanded it.
D. The Lord Chamberlain's Men was too long to fit on playbills.
E. They admitted women into the company.

4.Refer to the list of Shakespeare plays in your textbook to answer this question. Which of these plays did Shakespeare NOT write?  
A. Love's Labor Lost
B. The Merchant of Venice
C. Julius Caesar
D. Henry VIII
E. Dido Queen of Carthage

5.What was the first publication of 36 of his plays called?  
A. Shakespeare's Greatest Hits
B. The First Folio
C. 36 Plays for Elizabethans
D. Dramatis Personae
E. The First Collection

6.In the textbook, Shakespeare's plays are divided into three types: tragedy, comedy, and romance. But in the video, the scholar says Shakespeare's plays can be separated into what four types?  
A. Mystery, romance, science fiction, horror.
B. Historical comedy, historical tragedy, comedy, tragedy.
C. Morality plays, romances, tragedies, and comedies.
D. Histories, comedies, tragedies, and tragicomedies.
E. Histories, horror, romance, comedy.

7.What was the name of Shakespeare's son who died at age 11?  
A. Harnet
B. Macneth
C. Macbeth
D. Hamlet
E. Hamnet

8.Why did Shakespeare dedicate his poems "Venus and Adonis and "The Rape of Lucrece" to the Earl of Southampton?  
A. Because he was trying to entice the Earl to come to the theater.
B. Because he needed money, and the Earl was his patron.
C. Because he and the Earl were friends in London.
D. Because his rival, Christopher Marlowe, had dedicated poems to him.
E. Because the Earl was from Shakespeare's hometown, Stratford.

9.Shakespeare and his partners opened a theater on the south bank of the Thames river. What was it called?  
A. The King's House
B. The Rose
C. The Friar
D. The Globe
E. The Bob and Wheel

10.Page 4 of the essay on Biography.com brings up questions about the actual authorship of the plays attributed to Shakespeare. Which of these is NOT a reason that people suspect that William Shakespeare from Stratford did not write the plays?  

A. The language style of his letters does not match the style of his plays.
B. He only had a grammar school education.
C. Official records of him don't mention him being an actor or playwright.
D. There are similarities between his poems and the works of Edward de Vere.
E. He hadn't been exposed to aristocratic society.


Next week in class, or via email or Google+ before midnight on Monday the 16th, please tell me two things:

1. On which longer work you wish to base your presentation. 
2. On which topic you wish to write your paper. All your information on the paper can be found here along with a million topic suggestions. 

Reading Period 6: Supplemental Posts / Lessons

Here are the assignments and discussion topics posted on the Google+ Community:

1. Before he sells his soul to the devil, Dr. Faustus is already feeling pretty irreverent toward God and the Church. When he sends Mephistopheles away to change his shape, he has a peculiar request for a change in attire. What does this mean: 

“I charge thee to return, and change thy shape;
     Thou art too ugly to attend on me:
     Go, and return an old Franciscan friar;
     That holy shape becomes a devil best."

2. Visit the Christopher Marlowe society online, and answer these questions: 

A) Was his hair totally fabulous?
B) What is the name of the restored Elizabethan theater at Bankside, London, that produced Marlowe’s Dido Queen of Carthage in March?
C) What is the motto of the Christopher Marlowe Society? 

3. Try your hand at translating the Latin of Faustus’ incantation. Even if you have to guess! Resist Google Translate at all costs. 

Sint mihi dii Acherontis propitii!  
Valeat numen triplex Jehovoe!
Ignei, aerii, aquatani spiritus, salvete!  
Orientis princeps Belzebub, inferni ardentis monarcha, et Demogorgon, propitiamus vos, ut appareat et surgat Mephistophilis Dragon, quod tumeraris: per Jehovam, Gehennam, et consecratam aquam quam nunc spargo, signumque crucis quod nunc facio, et per vota nostra, ipse nunc surgat nobis dicatus Mephistophilis!

4. I find the astronomical information that Mephistopheles gives to Dr. Faustus to be so interesting. What prevailing scientific thoughts from Marlowe's time are reflected in the "truths" that Mephistopheles shares? 

What was the prevailing opinion of the time in terms of astronomical question? 

    Come, Mephistophilis, let us dispute again,
     And reason of divine astrology.
     Speak, are there many spheres above the moon?
     Are all celestial bodies but one globe,
     As is the substance of this centric earth?

     MEPHIST. As are the elements, such are the heavens,
     Even from the moon unto th' empyreal orb,
     Mutually folded in each other's spheres,
     And jointly move upon one axletree,
     Whose termine 75 is term'd the world's wide pole;
     Nor are the names of Saturn, Mars, or Jupiter
     Feign'd, but are erring 76 stars.

     FAUSTUS. But have they all one motion, both situ et tempore?

     MEPHIST. All move from east to west in four-and-twenty
     hours upon the poles of the world; but differ in their motions
     upon the poles of the zodiac.

5. What specifically is the deal that Dr. Faustus wants to strike with Lucifer? What is the deal that Faustus wants Mephistopheles to make with Lucifer? Check this passage:

Go bear these tidings to great Lucifer:
     Seeing Faustus hath incurr'd eternal death
     By desperate thoughts against Jove's deity,
     Say, he surrenders up to him his soul,
     So he will spare him four and twenty years,
     Letting him live in all voluptuousness;
     Having thee ever to attend on me,
     To give me whatsoever I shall ask,
     To tell me whatsoever I demand,
     To slay mine enemies, and to aid my friends,
     And always be obedient to my will.

6. Here's an interesting 16th Century guy in England: Hans Holbein. He was an artist, painted portraits of important people in Tudor England, including a very famous one of Henry VIII and that one of Thomas More that was repeatedly shown in the documentary we watched. In typical 16th century style, he died of the plague. But before that, he also created a series of woodcuts called The Dance of Death Alphabet. Take a look

7. Watch this clip of the end of Dr. Faustus performed at the Globe Theater: Globe On Screen: Doctor Faustus clip (final scene). Listen to this clip of Dylan Thomas recording: Marlowe — Dr. Faustus's Death Speech (read by Dylan Thomas). Then read Faustus’ last soliloquy out loud to someone. Report who you read it to and what they thought of it! 

FAUSTUS. O Faustus,
     Now hast thou but one bare hour to live,
     And then thou must be damn'd perpetually!
     Stand still, you ever-moving spheres of heaven,
     That time may cease, and midnight never come;
     Fair Nature's eye, rise, rise again, and make
     Perpetual day; or let this hour be but
     A year, a month, a week, a natural day,
     That Faustus may repent and save his soul!
     O lente, lente currite, noctis equi!
     The stars move still, time runs, the clock will strike,
     The devil will come, and Faustus must be damn'd.
     O, I'll leap up to heaven!—Who pulls me down?—
     See, where Christ's blood streams in the firmament! 
     One drop of blood will save me:  O my Christ!—
     Rend not my heart for naming of my Christ;
     Yet will I call on him:  O, spare me, Lucifer!—
     Where is it now? 'tis gone:
     And, see, a threatening arm, an  angry brow!
     Mountains and hills, come, come, and fall on me,
     And hide me from the heavy wrath of heaven!
     Then will I headlong run into the earth:
     Gape, earth!  O, no, it will not harbour me!
     You stars that reign'd at my nativity,
     Whose influence hath  allotted death and hell,
     Now draw up Faustus, like a foggy mist,
     Into the entrails of yon labouring cloud[s],
     That, when you vomit forth into the air,
     My limbs may issue from your smoky mouths;
     But let my soul mount and ascend to heaven!
          [The clock strikes the half-hour.]
     O, half the hour is past! 'twill all be past anon.
     O, if my soul must suffer for my sin,
     Impose some end to my incessant pain;
     Let Faustus live in hell a thousand years,
     A hundred thousand, and at last be sav'd!
     No end is limited to damned souls.
     Why wert thou not a creature wanting soul?
     Or why is this immortal that thou hast?
     O, Pythagoras' metempsychosis, were that true,
     This soul should fly from me, and I be chang'd
     Into some brutish beast! all beasts are happy,
     For, when they die,
     Their souls are soon dissolv'd in elements;
     But mine must live still to be plagu'd in hell.
     Curs'd be the parents that engender'd me!
     No, Faustus, curse thyself, curse Lucifer
     That hath depriv'd thee of the joys of heaven.
          [The clock strikes twelve.]
     It strikes, it strikes!  Now, body, turn to air,
     Or Lucifer will bear thee quick to hell!
     O soul, be chang'd into small water-drops,
     And fall into the ocean, ne'er be found!

8. The role of learning and knowledge and education and science is very important in the play. Skipping down past the excerpt you read, to the end of the play... why do you think the last bargain Faustus makes to save himself is to burn his books? 

9. Here is the last line of the play. What does this mean? Terminat hora diem; terminat auctor opus.