Friday, September 16, 2016

Reading Period 3: September 16-22: A Tale of Two Cities

Meetings: September 20, 22
Due Dates:
Quiz is due September 19, 7pm
Assignments are due September 21, 7pm
History is due September 23, 7pm

Long Read: 

A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, Book 2 chapters 13-24

Short Reads:

The Canterbury Tales Excerpted, by Geoffrey Chaucer. Intro and excerpt in Textbook. (Here it is read in Middle English.) Pp 55-87

"Gawain and the Green Knight," by Unknown. Intro and excerpt in Textbook. (Here's an animated version, which is pretty cool.) Pp 89-96

Le Morte D'Arthur by Sir Thomas Mallory. Intro and excerpt in Textbook. Pp 97-103.

Creative Assignments:
The Lady of the Lake offering Arthur Excalibur
by Alfred Kappes (1880)

Choose one of the following options and post your work to the Google+ Community. Option 1: Julia Margaret Cameron was an art photographer who lived and worked in the mid-1800s. She was commissioned by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, to create photographs to illustrate his Idylls of the King, a collection of 12 poems with an Arthurian theme. She also took photographs of Tennyson himself. Go to this web site and read an article about Julia Margaret Cameron's techniques and the materials she worked with. Look at her illustrations of Merlin and VivienParting of Sir Lancelot and Queen GuinevereKing Arthur, and Lady Elaine. Now take a look at this more famous collection of illustrations by Gustave Dore, created for the same set of poems. Now create your own illustration of the episode in the excerpt of Le Morte D'Arthur that you read, where Arthur gets his sword. If you like, you can stage a photograph!


Option 2: Chapter 21-23 describe the violent uprising of the French Revolution. After reading these words, particularly about the burning of the Chateau, the storming of the Bastille, and the cries for vengeance on Foulon, write two poems. One, a revolutionary poem encouraging the uprising, the violence, the forward surge of the people. The other a sad poem, regretting the ruin, the fear, the violence. Maybe the first would be something Madame Defarge would write, and the second might be written by Gabelle as he hid, afraid. Here's the trick: Neither of these poems should be obviously about the French Revolution. Don't mention the chateaux, or the Bastille, or anything specific that will give your topic away. Just try to capture the emotion in your poetry.

Writing Assignments:

Option 1: Write a short essay describing the different origin stories for the character of Merlin the Magician. Find out about Myrddin Wyllt. Check out Geoffrey of Monmouth's Vita Merlini. Read about King Vortigern and the two dragons. Find out who Ambrosius Aurelianus was. Your 250 word essay should compare at least two of these possible origins of the story. At the end of your essay, include links to  your sources, and if you quote directly from any of these, use quotation marks and give a citation. 


Option 2: Lucie Manette has three potential suitors before her marriage: Charles Darnay, a French teacher (and secretly a Marquis); Stryver, a barrister who works at the Old Bailey (the court); and Sydney Carton, Stryver's assistant. Each of these men presents a certain face and behavior to the world, and has an inner life that's a bit less obvious. Write a short essay describing Lucie's suitors as they have appeared up to chapter 24 in the novel. Include an introduction and a conclusion, and one short paragraph for each man. In your conclusion, consider the question: which one was the best choice to be her husband? How did you decide? On what evaluation do you believe Lucie makes her choice?


Another interesting comparison at this stage in the novel is between two couples: Mr. and Mrs. Crutcher and M. and Mme. Defarge. Write a 250 word essay comparing several aspects of their relationship: how their beliefs coincide, what they share of the work load, how they treat each other, how they speak to each other, their role in each other's lives, etc. Which marriage would you say is stronger and why? Which husband is "better" by our modern standards? And what are those criteria, by which we judge a relationship?  


Note: This quiz has fancy buttons that do nothing. You will still need to email your answers. Please use the subject header Quiz Zombie Hotsauce Reading Period 3.

1.Which of these jobs did Chaucer do in his lifetime? Choose all that apply.   (Choose all that Apply)
A.Foreign diplomat.
C.Justice of the Peace.
D.Clerk of the Works at the Tower of London.
E.Sub-forester of the king's forests.
F.Horse trainer to the Duke of Lancaster.

2.Which language was mostly spoken among the upper class in Chaucer's day? (Hint: This was due to the Norman invasion.)   

3.What is the framing story for Chaucer's "The Canterbury Tales"?   
A.People making a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral.
B.The murder of Thomas a Becket.
C.Citizens escape from the plague in the city of Canterbury.
D.Applicants are interviewed for jobs in Canterbury.

4.Which character is pictured here?   

A.The Knight
B.The Prioress
C.Chaucer himself
D.The Squire

5.Which character is pictured here?   
A.The Merchant
B.The Monk
C.The Nun's Priest
D.The Clerk of Oxford
E.The Friar

6.Whose shrine are the pilgrims visiting at Canterbury?   
A.Thomas a Becket.
B.Alfred the Great.
C.William the Conqueror.
D.Geoffrey Chaucer.
E.Phillip Mountbatten.

7.Which pilgrim is particularly concerned with table manners?   
A.The Pardoner
B.The Merchant
C.The Prioress.
D.The Yeoman

8.Which pilgrim has a natural gift for begging?   
A.The Physician
B.The Shipman
C.The Cook
D.The Friar
E.The Parson

9.What is a reeve, according to Chaucer's description?   
A.An estate manager.
B.A seller of pardons from the Pope in Rome.
C.Someone who summons sinners to a church to be judged for their sins.
D.The person who purchases food for a church, court, or college.
E.A ditch digger.

10.Explain what is meant by lines 731-748. Which of the following sentences correctly paraphrases Chaucer's meaning?   
A.I apologize for how rude some of these tales are going to be.
B.These tales are not rude; they're honest stories from real people.
C.Don't blame me if the tales are rude; I'm only retelling them as exactly as possible.
D.I'm making up these tales myself, and am solely responsible for the contents.

11.What is the genre of the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight?   
A.War epic.
B.Medieval romance.
C.Folk ballad.
D.Morality poem.

1 pts.
Each stanza (or strophe) of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ends with a short line followed by four rhyming lines, illustrated here with lines 37-59. What do you call the last five lines here?   
A.Skip and purple.
B.Bob and wheel.
E.Frisk and whistle.

1 pts.
Why was the Green Knight testing Gawain?   
A.To see if he was as honorable as Arthur.
B.Gawain was rumored to be invincible.
C.His green girdle was stolen.
D.Gawain kissed the Green Knight's wife.

14.Where was Thomas Malory when he wrote Morte D'Arthur (Death of Arthur)?   
A.In the hospital
B.In Camelot.
C.In France.
D.In jail.
E.On a boat.

15.What change came over Arthur and his knights between their stories' origin and the writing of Morte D'Arthur?   
A.They greatly decreased in number as tales were lost to time.
B.They went from sitting in a Viking meeting hall at a long table to sitting in a castle around a round table.
C.They went from being commoners to nobles.
D.They went from being religious and pious to being bloodthirsty killers.
E.They went from being rough heroes like Beowulf to being romantic figures of chivalry.


Watch the following BBC Documentary about Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Email me your answers by 7pm, Friday Sept 23. Please use subject header History Zombie Hotsauce Reading Period 3.

1. The narrator of this documentary is himself a poet. He says the ancient Brits were “causing trouble and tormenting turbulent times.” This line is an example of what poetic device?
2. What is the Green Knight’s challenge to the knights of King Arthur’s court?
3. Armitage speculates that the “giants” hard on Gawain’s heels might have been a metaphor for what?
4. Where does the village of Holywell get its name?
(You can find out more about this here ( and actually follow St. Winefride’s well on Twitter.)
5. What experience does the Green Knight share with St. Winefrides, that leads Armitage to believe her story may have inspired the idea of the Green Knight's challenge?
6. Gawain may have found shelter at Beeston Castle, overlooking the Cheshire plain. It’s now an English Heritage Site. Find a picture of it on the internet and give the link as your answer.
7. While Lady Bertilak is attempting to seduce Gawain in the castle, what is Lord Bertilak out doing?
8. What does Lady Bertilak give to Gawain?
9. What natural landmark is mentioned in the poem that allows modern scholars to place it exactly in a particular valley in England?
(Hint: Here’s a page that gives a climber’s guide to exploring the region, including a photo or Rockhall Cottage, where Simon Armitage stayed overnight, and Lud’s Church where the chapel is thought to be.
10. How many times does the Green Knight hack at Gawain’s neck?
BONUS: What do you think of the rock ‘n’ roll soundtrack of this documentary? It’s a little different from the harps and flutes and “medievally” music you might expect. Do you think it works?

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