Friday, September 23, 2016

Reading Period 4: September 23-29: A Tale of Two Cities

Long Read

A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, Book 3 Chapters 1-7

Short Read

Utopia by Thomas More (Book 2) Read this excerpted version.

Poetry

"The Faerie Queene" by Edmund Spenser (from Book 1, Canto 1)

You can read more about "The Faerie Queene" in your book, page 154-155, but definitely read this excerpt:

i
A Gentle Knight was pricking on the plaine,
Y cladd in mightie armes and silver shielde,
Wherein old dints of deepe wounds did remaine,
The cruell markes of many a bloudy fielde;
Yet armes till that time did he never wield:
His angry steede did chide his foming bitt,
As much disdayning to the curbe to yield:
Full jolly knight he seemd, and faire did sitt,
As one for knightly giusts and fierce encounters fitt.

ii
But on his brest a bloudie Crosse he bore,
The deare remembrance of his dying Lord,
For whose sweete sake that glorious badge he wore,
And dead as living ever him ador'd:
Upon his shield the like was also scor'd,
For soveraine hope, which in his helpe he had:
Right faithfull true he was in deede and word,
But of his cheere did seeme too solemne sad;
Yet nothing did he dread, but ever was ydrad.

iii
Upon a great adventure he was bond,
That greatest Gloriana to him gave,
That greatest Glorious Queene of Faerie lond,
To winne him worship, and her grace to have,
Which of all earthly things he most did crave;
And ever as he rode, his hart did earne
To prove his puissance in battell brave
Upon his foe, and his new force to learne;
Upon his foe, a Dragon horrible and stearne.

iv
A lovely Ladie rode him faire beside,
Upon a lowly Asse more white then snow,
Yet she much whiter, but the same did hide
Under a vele, that wimpled was full low,
And over all a blacke stole she did throw,
As one that inly mournd: so was she sad,
And heavie sat upon her palfrey slow;
Seemed in heart some hidden care she had,
And by her in a line a milke white lambe she lad.

v
So pure an innocent, as that same lambe,
She was in life and every vertuous lore,
And by descent from Royall lynage came
Of ancient Kings and Queenes, that had of yore
Their scepters stretcht from East to Westerne shore,
And all the world in their subjection held;
Till that infernall feend with foule uprore
Forwasted all their land, and them expeld:
Whom to avenge, she had this Knight from far compeld.

vi
Behind her farre away a Dwarfe did lag,
That lasie seemd in being ever last,
Or wearied with bearing of her bag
Of needments at his backe. Thus as they past,
The day with cloudes was suddeine overcast,
And angry Jove an hideous storme of raine
Did poure into his Lemans lap so fast,
That every wight to shrowd it did constrain,
And this faire couple eke to shroud themselves were fain.

You must watch this awesome homemade short film of Book 1, Canto 1, for the sheer cheesiness of it all:

 

More Poetry:

"Passionate Shepherd to His Love" by Christopher Marlowe (p. 162) and
"The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" by Walter Raleigh (p. 162)

Creative Assignments

After reading the excepts from Utopia by Thomas More, put together your own thoughts on the concept of a perfect society, contained on an island. You may choose to draw a map as an illustration, but you must also write an essay of at least 250 words describing the way your "Utopian" society works. Try to hit on some of the same ideas that More thought about -- marriage, religion, government, laws, travel, commerce, etc.

OR

Rewrite the poems "Passionate Shepherd to His Love" and "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" as a modern conversation, taking place over Facebook chat or Skype chat or Snap chat or some kind of chat. Use emojis. Use selfies. Use hashtags. Entertain us.

Writing Assignments

Edmund Spenser wrote a letter to Sir Walter Raleigh defending and explaining his poem, The Faerie Queene, which was meant as an allegory to glorify Queen Elizabeth. Here’s the beginning of it. Do your best to paraphrase what he is saying here, in 250 words. Now see if you can summarize the gist of it in one phrase, and make this phrase the title of your essay.
Sir knowing how doubtfully all Allegories may be construed, and this booke of mine, which I have entituled the Faery Queene, being a continued Allegory, or darke conceit, I haue thought good aswell for auoyding of gealous opinions and misco[n]structions, as also for your better light in reading thereof, (being so by you commanded) to discouer vnto you the general intention and meaning, which in the whole course thereof I haue fashioned, without expressing of any particular purposes or by accidents therein occasioned. The generall end therefore of all the booke is to fashion a gentleman or noble person in vertuous and gentle discipline: Which for that I conceiued shoulde be most plausible and pleasing, being coloured with an historicall fiction, the which the most part of men delight to read, rather for variety of matter, then for profite of the ensample: I chose the historye of king Arthure, as most fitte for the excellency of his person being made famous by many mens former workes, and also furthest from the daunger of enuy, and suspition of present time. In which I haue followed all the antique Poets historicall, first Homere, who in the Persons of Agamemnon and Vlysses hath ensampled a good gouernour and a vertuous man, the one in his Ilias, the other in his Odysseis: then Virgil, whose like intention was to doe in the person of Aeneas: after him Ariosto comprised them both in his Orlando: and lately Tasso disseuered them againe, and formed both parts in two persons, namely that part which they in Philosophy call Ethice, or vertues of a priuate man, coloured in his Rinaldo: The other named Politice in his Godfredo. By ensample of which excellente Poets, I labour to pourtraict in Arthure, before he was king, the image of a braue knight, perfected in the twelue morall vertues, as Aristotle hath deuised, the which is the purpose of these first twelue bookes: which if I finde to be well accepted, I may be perhaps encoraged, to frame the other part of polliticke vertues in his person, after that hee came to be king. To some I know this Methode will seeme displeasaunt, which had rather haue good discipline deliuered plainly in way of precepts, or sermoned at large, as they vse, then thus clowdily enrapped in Allegoricall deuises. But such, me seeme, should be satisfide with the vse of these dayes seeing all things accounted by their showes, and nothing esteemed of, that is not delightfull and pleasing to commune sence.

Quiz

Read the section called "The Renaissance" in the textbook (pp. 127-148). The questions are the same as those in the box marked "Review" on page 148. Email me your answers with the subject header Quiz Zombie Hotsauce Reading Period 4.

1.Why was the Renaissance late coming to England?
 A. Confusion over the lack of a strong national language.
 B. Political unrest due to battling dynasties.
 C. Distance from Florence, Italy, where the Renaissance started.
 D. Devout religious leaders made Humanism illegal.
 E. Sir Thomas More opposed the spread of Renaissance ideas.

2.Who were the humanists? Choose all that apply.   (Choose all that Apply)
 A. Sir Thomas More, Sir Thomas Wyatt, Henry Howard
 B. Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Mary Tudor
 C. Henry Tudor, King Richard, Opus Lancaster
 D. Lorenzo De Medici, Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo
 E. People who emphasized the achievements of humans, rather than the importance of God.

3.What literary work is considered the first masterpiece of the English Renaissance?
 A. Spenser's The Faerie Queen
 B. Shakespeare's Macbeth
 C. More's Utopia
 D. Luther's 95 Theses
 E. The Spanish Armada

4.Why did Henry VIII break with the Roman Catholic church?
 A. He wanted to establish his own national religion.
 B. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was a Catholic.
 C. He supported the Protestant Reformation.
 D. He wanted a divorce, and the Pope wouldn't give him one.
 E. Because the previous dynasty had been Catholic.

5.What were the interludes?
 A. Plays with non-religious plots and characters.
 B. Intermission puppet shows during performances of Elizabethan dramas.
 C. Plays with religious plots and characters.
 D. Recitations of poetry performed in public markets.
 E. Periods of time where people were more concerned with politics than literature.

6.In the Elizabethan idea of The Great Chain of Being, what position did humans occupy?
 A. At the bottom.
 B. Among the angels.
 C. Among the animals.
 D. At the top.
 E. At the middle.

7.What was the Protectorate?
 A. Charles I's court in hiding from Parliament at Nottingham.
 B. A military dictatorship established by the Parliament after executing King Charles.
 C. Oliver Cromwell's attempt to save Charles I from beheading.
 D. Charles II's government in exile in Paris.
 E. A refuge for poets and artists to escape the dangers of war.

8.What political event does the term Restoration refer to?
 A. The restoration of democracy as Parliament was given power over the government.
 B. The restoration of theatrical performances after the theaters were closed during the Protectorate.
 C. The restoration of Queen Elizabeth's daughter to the throne of England.
 D. The restoration of the palace after it had been destroyed in the war.
 E. The restoration of the monarchy as Charles II was crowned King.

9.What were the two major styles of early seventeenth-century poetry in England?
 A. Classical and Conservative.
 B. Physical and Metaphysical.
 C. Metaphysical and Philosophical.
 D. Metaphysical and Classical.
 E. Jacobean and Elizabethan.

10.What was the most influential prose work to come out of the seventeenth century?
 A. The King James Version of the Holy Bible.
 B. The Anatomy of Melancholy by Burton
 C. Hydrotaphia by Browne
 D. Paradise Lost by Milton
 E. Pilgrim's Progress by Bunyan


History:

Answer the questions from page 169-206 of The Story of Britain by Rebecca Fraser. Here are the questions. Email me your answers by 7pm, Friday Sept 30. Please use subject header History Zombie Hotsauce Reading Period 4.

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