Saturday, October 29, 2016

Reading Period 8: October 28 - November 3: King Lear

Due Dates: (Adjusted for Halloween)
Quiz: Wednesday, November 2
Creative and Writing Assignments: Friday, November 4
History: Friday, November 4

Long Read:

King Lear, Acts 3 and 4

Short Read: 

Read p 301-317 including the biographical info on John Milton, the two poems, the excerpt from Paradise Lost, and "The Language of Paradise Lost."

Creative Assignment: 

Create an illustration of lines 242-263 of Paradise Lost. Show whatever parts of the scene you need to show in order to communicate what Satan is saying. Use whatever medium you like, including digital paint, pen and ink, pencil, paint, chalk, whatever. Must use unlined paper.

OR

Memorize either Lear's speech at the beginning of Act III Scene II, or Satan's famous speech in Paradise Lost.

First choice:
Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! rage! blow!
You cataracts and hurricanoes, spout
Till you have drench’d our steeples, drown’d the cocks!      
You sulphurous and thought-executing fires,
Vaunt-couriers to oak-cleaving thunderbolts,
Singe my white head! And thou, all-shaking thunder,
Strike flat the thick rotundity o’ the world!
Crack nature’s moulds, all germens spill at once      
That make ingrateful man!

Second choice:
`Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,’
Said then the lost archangel, `this the seat
That we must change for heav’n, this mournful gloom
For that celestial light? Be it so, since he
Who now is sovran can dispose and bid
What shall be right: furthest from him is best
Whom reason hath equalled, force hath made supreme
Above his equals. Farewell happy fields
Where joy for ever dwells: hail horrors, hail
Infernal world, and thou profoundest hell
Receive thy new possessor: one who brings
A mind not to be changed by place or time.
The mind is its own place, and in itself
Can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven.
What matter where, if I be still the same,
And what I should be, all but less than he
Whom thunder bath made greater? Here at least
We shall be free; the almighty hath not built
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence:
Here we may reign secure, and in my choice
To reign is worth ambition though in hell:
Better to reign in hell, than serve in heaven.

When you have memorized it, record yourself delivering it with gusto and enthusiasm, and post the video. Make sure you've actually memorized it, and aren't just looking at the words in some clever way, while making the video, because your fellow students and I will know. And we are judgmental.

John Milton don't care much
for the Church of England, see?
Writing Assignment:

Write a letter from Milton to a Puritan who is leaving England for America. Include, in at least 250 words, the reasons why Milton was against the Church of England, and against the monarchy. You may choose to place your letter at any point in Milton's life, but make clear from the content of your letter when it is being written. Since the due date is Friday, you do not need to turn in your assignments on paper this week.

OR

Choose any of the writing assignments on the left hand page of King Lear, Acts 3 and 4. Write at least 250 words. Since the due date is Friday, you do not need to turn in your assignments on paper this week.

Quiz:

The quiz will cover the 17 assigned pages and all the material therein.

1.What was the most important thing about Christianity for John Milton?
 A. The symbols and iconography of the church.
 B. The close relationship of the individual Christian with God.
 C. The priest as mediator between God and man.
 D. The position of the church as a political power in England.

2.In 1649, Charles I was executed and the Puritans took over. What job did he have in the new Puritan government under Cromwell?
 A. Literary Secretary
 B. Defense Secretary
 C. Latin Secretary
 D. Diplomat in Europe

3.What three words describe John Milton when he began to write Paradise Lost after the monarchy was restored in 1660?
 A. Blind, poor, secluded.
 B. Blind, rich, politician.
 C. Blind, respected, teacher.
 D. Secluded, rich, poet.

4.What was the sequel to Paradise Lost called?
 A. Paradise Returns
 B. Paradise Grilled
 C. Paradise Found
 D. Paradise Regained

5.What is the best paraphrase for "On His Having Arrived at the Age of Twenty-Three"? Keep in mind that this was written just after Milton had graduated from Cambridge.
 A. I'm getting old, and may soon die, because the life expectancy in the 1600s is 30.
 B. I'm happy to be so young, and young people are favored by God.
 C. I'm already twenty-three, so look out, because God has big plans for me.
 D. I may seem young, but inside I'm mature, and anyway I'm aging exactly as God intended.

6.What literary device is at work in these two lines? How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth, Stolen on his wing my three and twentieth year!
 A. Personification
 B. Metaphor
 C. Simile
 D. Synecdoche

7.What is the meter of the poem, "On His Having Arrived at the Age of Twenty-Three"?
 A. Iambic Quatrameter
 B. Iambic Pentameter
 C. Blank verse
 D. Scotch Diameter

8.According to the intro on page 305, which of these works did NOT have a strong influence on Milton's Paradise Lost?
 A. Shakespeare's The Tempest
 B. Virgil's Aeneid
 C. Homer's Odyssey
 D. The Book of Genesis

9.What is the beginning of the poem, when Milton says "Sing, Heavenly Muse!" called?
 A. Prelude
 B. Evolution
 C. Invocation
 D. Absolution

10.Just like Homer, Milton begins the action "in medias res" -- what does this phrase mean?
 A. In the distant past.
 B. At the beginning of the action.
 C. Looking back on the past.
 D. In the middle of the action.

11.What literary device is going on in this passage? (lines 178-179) Let us not slip the occasion, whether scorn Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe.
 A. Metonymy
 B. Assonance
 C. Alliteration
 D. Oblique rhyme.

12.Paraphrase the final lines of the excerpt in your book: "Here may we reign secure, and in my choice To reign is worth ambition, though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven."
 A. Better to be your own boss in adversity, than to be an employee in comfort.
 B. Better to reign over darkness than work for goodness.
 C. Better to do evil than to do good.
 D. Better to be secure and not worry, than to fight for freedom.

13.Milton messed with word order to create great sounds and complex meanings in his poems. What language did his writing sometimes emulate in word order?
 A. German
 B. French
 C. Italian
 D. Latin

14.Who was the first being Satan saw, having been hurled out of heaven and landed in the lake of fire?
 A. Beelzebub
 B. Mephistopheles
 C. The Grinch
 D. The Archfiend

15.What is Satan doing in lines 221-230?
 A. Falling down from heaven into hell.
 B. Rising up on fiery wings to heaven.
 C. Rising out of the lake of fire to fly to solid ground.
 D. Rising out of the lake of fire to challenge God in Heaven.

History:

Watch this lecture on Milton's Paradise Lost, and answer the following questions. 



1. What was the source of Milton’s anxiety with regard to Shakespeare?
2. The speaker shows a slide of a frontispiece from a 1695 edition of Paradise Lost. The publisher was trying in two ways to depict Milton as a classical poet. What two things did the publisher do to affect this portrayal?
3. Milton was “Sunday reading” along with the King James Bible in 17th and 18th century England. But the speaker talks about a duality to Milton. Finish the quote from 19th century poet William Blake that suggests Milton’s darker side? “He was a true poet and of the ____.”
4. According to the speaker, who is the first “American voice” of rebellion and liberty?
5. In the dichotomy between Classicism and Puritanism, which one is human-centered and which is god-centered?
6. Look up “iconoclast.” What does it mean?
7. The textbook tells us that Milton studied at St. Paul’s School -- the speaker in the video tells us who the dean of the school was at the time. Who was it?
8. What is the religion of the professor in this video? If you need help, try Googling Bar Ilan University.
9. What is the tick and what is the tock, in the Christian tradition?
10. Look up “Midrash” -- what does the word mean?
BONUS: What is chutzpah and why does the speaker say Milton has it? 

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